Effect of potting media on the efficacy and dispersal of entomopathogenic nematodes for the control of black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Authors:M. A. Ansari, Butt T. M.
Journal:Biological Control
Date Published:Sep
:Otiorhynchus sulcatus

The effect of five commercial potting media, peat, bark, coir, and peat blended with 10% and 20% compost green waste (CGW) on the virulence of six commercially available entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN), Heterorhabditis bacteriophora UWS1, Heterorhabditis megidis, Heterorhabditis downesi, Steinernema feltiae, Steinernema carpocapsae, and Steinernema kraussei was tested against third-instar black vine weevil (BVW), Otiorhynchus sulcatus. Media type was shown to significantly affect EPN virulence. Heterorhabditis species caused 100% larval mortality in all media whereas Steinernema species caused 100% larval mortality only in the peat blended with 20% CGW. A later experiment investigated the effect of potting media on the virulence of EPN species against BVW by comparing the vertical dispersal of EPN in the presence and absence of BVW larva. Media type significantly influenced EPN dispersal. Dispersal of H. bacteriophora was higher than H. megidis, H. downesi, or S. kraussei in all media, whereas, S. feltiae and S. carpocapsae dispersal was much reduced and restricted to peat blended with 20% CGW and coir, respectively. In the absence of larvae, most of the EPN species remained in the same segment they were applied in, suggesting that the larvae responded to host volatile cues. Greenhouse trials were conducted to evaluate the efficacy of most virulent strain, H. bacteriophora in conditions more representative of those in the field, using 2.5 x 109 infective juveniles/ha. The efficacy of H. bacteriophora UWS1 against third-instar BVW was 100% in peat, and peat blended with 10% and 20% CGW but only 70% in bark and coir, 2 weeks after application. These studies suggest that potting media significantly affects the efficacy and dispersal of EPN for BVW control. [copyright] 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith